About the Authors

Eva Pericolini

Contributed equally to this work with: Eva Pericolini, Elena Gabrielli

Affiliation Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Elena Gabrielli

Contributed equally to this work with: Eva Pericolini, Elena Gabrielli

Affiliation Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Alessia Alunno

Affiliation Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Elena Bartoloni Bocci

Affiliation Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Stefano Perito

Affiliation Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Siu-Kei Chow

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Elio Cenci

Affiliation Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Arturo Casadevall

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, New York, United States of America

Roberto Gerli

Affiliation Rheumatology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Anna Vecchiarelli

anna.vecchiarelli@unipg.it

Affiliation Microbiology Section, Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EP EG AV RG EC SP EB AC. Performed the experiments: EP EG AA EB SC EC SP. Analyzed the data: EP EG AA EC SP AV AC RG EB SC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AV AC RG SC. Wrote the paper: EP EG AV RG AC AA.