About the Authors

Max M. Villa

Affiliation Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

Liping Wang

Affiliation Center for Regenerative Medicine and Skeletal Development, Department of Reconstructive Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, United States of America

David W. Rowe

Affiliation Center for Regenerative Medicine and Skeletal Development, Department of Reconstructive Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, Connecticut, United States of America

Mei Wei

meiwei@engr.uconn.edu

Affiliation Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MMV DWR MW. Performed the experiments: MMV LW. Analyzed the data: MMV DWR MW LW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MW DWR. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: MMV MW DWR.