About the Authors

Matthew J. Smith

mjsmith@uchicago.edu

Affiliations Department of Ecology & Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Northern Plains Center for Human Potential, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Cody Weinberger

Affiliation Department of Ecology & Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Emilio M. Bruna

Affiliations Center for Latin American Studies, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America, Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Stefano Allesina

Affiliations Department of Ecology & Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Computation Institute, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Northern Plains Center for Human Potential, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MJS SA EMB. Performed the experiments: MJS CW SA. Analyzed the data: MJS SA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SA. Wrote the paper: MJS SA. Data Collection: MJS CW.