About the Authors

Parag N. Gad

Affiliation Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Roland R. Roy

Affiliations Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Brain Research Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Hui Zhong

Affiliation Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Daniel C. Lu

Affiliation Department of Neurosurgery, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Yury P. Gerasimenko

Affiliations Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Pavlov Institute of Physiology, St. Petersburg, Russia

V. Reggie Edgerton

vre@ucla.edu

Affiliations Department of Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Neurobiology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Neurosurgery, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Brain Research Institute, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

Some of the work described in this submission is the subject of a US patent application(s) filed and owned by the University of California Los Angeles to which some of the authors (VRE, RRR, YPG and DCL) have certain rights (royalty, receipt of intellectual property rights/patent holder); some of the authors (VRE, RRR, YPG and DCL) listed have ownership interest (stock, stock options) in a privately held entity, NeuroRecovery Technologies Inc. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VRE RRR PNG. Performed the experiments: RRR PNG. Analyzed the data: PNG. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: PNG RRR HZ YPG DCL VRE. Performed all of the surgeries: RRR HZ.