About the Authors

Xin Fan

Contributed equally to this work with: Xin Fan, Xiaoshuang Wang

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Xiaoshuang Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Xin Fan, Xiaoshuang Wang

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Ning Li

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Honglian Cui

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Baidong Hou

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Infection and Immunity, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

Bin Gao

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Paul Patrick Cleary

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Beinan Wang

wangbn@im.ac.cn

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Beijing, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BW. Performed the experiments: XF XW NL HC. Analyzed the data: BW XW XF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BH BG PPC. Wrote the paper: BW PPC.