About the Authors

Jui-Ting Hsu

Affiliation School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Ying-Ju Chen

Affiliation Stem Cell Medical Research Center, Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Jung-Ting Ho

Affiliation School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Heng-Li Huang

Affiliation School of Dentistry, College of Medicine, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Shun-Ping Wang

Affiliation Department of Orthopaedics, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Fu-Chou Cheng

Affiliation Stem Cell Medical Research Center, Department of Medical Research, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Jay Wu

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Science, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Ming-Tzu Tsai

anniemtt@gmail.com

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, Hungkuang University, Taichung, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: J.-T. Hsu MTT HLH JW. Performed the experiments: J.-T. Hsu YJC J.-T. Ho SPW FCC. Analyzed the data: J.-T. Hsu J.-T. Ho MTT YJC SPW FCC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: J.-T. Hsu YJC J.-T. Ho HLH JW. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: J.-T. Hsu HLH MTT.