About the Authors

Jianfang Zhou

Affiliation Medical ICU, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

Chuanyun Qian

Affiliation Department of Emergency Medicine and Medical ICU, The First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, China

Mingyan Zhao

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China

Xiangyou Yu

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital, Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, China

Yan Kang

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Xiaochun Ma

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China

Yuhang Ai

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China

Yuan Xu

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

Dexin Liu

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China

Youzhong An

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking University People's Hospital, Beijing, China

Dawei Wu

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan, China

Renhua Sun

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, China

Shusheng Li

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science & Technology, Wuhan, China

Zhenjie Hu

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Hebei Medical University Fourth Hospital, Shijiazhuang, China

Xiangyuan Cao

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China

Fachun Zhou

Affiliation Department of Emergency and Intensive Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China

Li Jiang

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Fuxing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

Jiandong Lin

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, China

Enqiang Mao

Affiliation Emergency ICU, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China

Tiehe Qin

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangzhou, China

Zhenyang He

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, Hainan Provincial People's Hospital, Haikou, China

Lihua Zhou

Affiliation Department of Critical Care Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhhot, China

Bin Du

dubin98@gmail.com

Affiliation Medical ICU, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

for the China Critical Care Clinical Trials Group (CCCCTG)

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BD. Performed the experiments: CQ MZ XY YK XM Y. Ai YX DL Y. An DW RS SL Z. Hu XC FZ LJ JL EM Z. He LZ TQ. Analyzed the data: BD JZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JZ BD. Wrote the paper: JZ.