About the Authors

Chia Lin Chang

amego@cgmh.org.tw

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

James J. Cai

Affiliation Department of Veterinary Integrative Biosciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America

Shang Yu Huang

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Po Jen Cheng

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Ho Yen Chueh

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Linkou Medical Center, Chang Gung University, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Sheau Yu Teddy Hsu

Affiliation Reproductive Biology and Stem Cell Research Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CLC SYTH. Performed the experiments: CLC JJC PJC HYC SYH SYTH. Analyzed the data: CLC JJC SYTH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CLC JJC PJC HYC SYH SYTH. Wrote the paper: CLC JJC SYTH.