About the Authors

Chante Karimkhani

These authors are co-first authors.

Affiliation College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Lindsay N. Boyers

These authors are co-first authors.

Affiliation School of Medicine, Georgetown University, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America

David J. Margolis

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology and Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Mohsen Naghavi

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Roderick J. Hay

Affiliation Department of Dermatology, Kings College Hospital NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom

Hywel C. Williams

Affiliation Centre of Evidence Based Dermatology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Luigi Naldi

Affiliation Department of Dermatology, Azienda Ospedaliera papa Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy

Luc E. Coffeng

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Martin A. Weinstock

Affiliations Dermatoepidemiology Unit, Veterans Affairs Medical Center Providence, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America, Department of Dermatology, Rode Island Hospital, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America, Departments of Dermatology and Epidemiology, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Cory A. Dunnick

Affiliations Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America, Dermatology Service, Unites States Department of Veterans Affairs, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Hannah Pederson

Affiliation University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Theo Vos

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Christopher J. L. Murray

Affiliation Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Robert P. Dellavalle

robert.dellavalle@ucdenver.edu

Affiliations Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America, Dermatology Service, Unites States Department of Veterans Affairs, Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Competing Interests

Lindsay Boyers, Cory Dunnick, Martin Weinstock, and Robert Dellavalle are employees of the US Department of Veterans Affairs. The US Department of Veterans Affairs had no role in the design and execution of the study. Any opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the US Department of Veterans Affairs. Chante Karimkhani, Mohsen Naghavi, David Margolis, Roderick Hay, Hywel Williams, Luigi Naldi, Luc Coffeng, Hannah Pederson, Theo Vos, and Christopher Murray report no relevant disclosures.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CK LNB DJM RPD. Performed the experiments: CK LNB RPD. Analyzed the data: CK LNB RPD HP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CK LNB RPD. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: CK LNB DJM MN RJH HCW LN LEC MAW CAD HP TV CJLM RPD.