About the Authors

Katie S. Christie

kschristie@alaska.edu

Affiliation The Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

Roger W. Ruess

Affiliation The Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

Mark S. Lindberg

Affiliation The Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

Christa P. Mulder

Affiliation The Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KSC RWR MSL CPM. Performed the experiments: KSC. Analyzed the data: KSC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KSC. Wrote the paper: KSC.