About the Authors

Sophie Bourgeon

sophie.bourgeon@npolar.no

Affiliations Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway, Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Eliza H. K. Leat

Affiliation College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Ellen Magnusdóttir

Affiliation Iceland Institute of Natural History, Reykjavik, Iceland

Robert W. Furness

Affiliation College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Hallvard Strøm

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Aevar Petersen

Affiliation Iceland Institute of Natural History, Reykjavik, Iceland

Geir W. Gabrielsen

Affiliation Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Sveinn Are Hanssen

Affiliation Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Jan Ove Bustnes

Affiliation Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Fram Centre, Tromsø, Norway

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SB EHKL RWF GWG SAH JOB. Performed the experiments: SB EHKL EM RWF HS AP JOB. Analyzed the data: SB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EHKL EM HS AP. Wrote the paper: SB.