About the Authors

Tony Trier

Affiliation School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Nora Bello

Affiliation Department of Statistics, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, United States of America

Tamara Reid Bush

Affiliation Department of Mechanical Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Laura Bix

bixlaura@msu.edu

Affiliation School of Packaging, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have the following interests. Dr. Bix and Dr. Bush have both had work funded by companies that manufacture medical devices, though the work presented herein was not funded externally. Dr. Bix has received funded travel to present at conferences related to medical devices and medical device packaging from (over the past five years) HealthPack Conference Organizers, Q1 Productions, Orthoworld, Abbott Laboratories, Johnson and Johnson, Baxter Healthcare and Oliver-Tolas Healthcare Packaging. Several in-kind donations were made in support of this work through various companies, including: Oliver-Tolas Healthcare Packaging, Kimberly Clark, Cardinal Health, and DePuy. No agreements exist with these companies precluding sharing of the data. This does not alter their adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TT LB. Performed the experiments: TT. Analyzed the data: TT NB. Wrote the paper: TT NB TRB LB.