About the Authors

Ilaria Schiavoni

Contributed equally to this work with: Ilaria Schiavoni, Giorgio Fedele, Adriano Quattrini

Affiliation Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Giorgio Fedele

Contributed equally to this work with: Ilaria Schiavoni, Giorgio Fedele, Adriano Quattrini

Affiliation Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Adriano Quattrini

Contributed equally to this work with: Ilaria Schiavoni, Giorgio Fedele, Adriano Quattrini

Affiliation Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Manuela Bianco

Affiliation Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Corinna Schnoeller

Affiliation Centre for Respiratory Infection, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Peter J. Openshaw

Affiliation Centre for Respiratory Infection, National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom

Camille Locht

Affiliations INSERM U1019, Lille, France, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique UMR8204, Lille, France, Centre d’Infection et Immunité de Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Lille, France, Univ Lille Nord de France, Lille, France

Clara M. Ausiello

clara.ausiello@iss.it

Affiliation Dipartimento di Malattie Infettive, Parassitarie ed Immunomediate, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IS GF CMA. Performed the experiments: IS AQ GF MB. Analyzed the data: IS AQ GF CMA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CS PJO CL. Wrote the paper: IS GF CMA. Revised the paper critically for important intellectual content: PJO CL.