About the Authors

Regine Choe

Regine_Choe@urmc.rochester.edu

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America

Mary E. Putt

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Peter M. Carlile

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America

Turgut Durduran

Affiliation ICFO- Institut de Ciències Fotòniques, Castelldefels (Barcelona), Spain

Joseph M. Giammarco

Affiliation Department of Astronomy & Physics, Eastern University, St. Davids, Pennsylvania, United States of America

David R. Busch

Affiliations Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Ki Won Jung

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States of America

Brian J. Czerniecki

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Julia Tchou

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Michael D. Feldman

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Carolyn Mies

Affiliation Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Mark A. Rosen

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Mitchell D. Schnall

Affiliation Department of Radiology, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Angela DeMichele

Affiliation Department of Medicine (Hematology/Oncology), Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Arjun G. Yodh

Affiliation Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RC TD AGY. Performed the experiments: RC. Analyzed the data: RC MEP PMC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MEP JMG DRB KWJ BJC JT MDF CM MAR MDS AD. Wrote the paper: RC MEP TD DRB AGY.