About the Authors

Kimberly J. Ong

kjong@ualberta.ca (KO); greg.goss@ualberta.ca (GG)

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Tyson J. MacCormack

Affiliations Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada

Rhett J. Clark

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

James D. Ede

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Van A. Ortega

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Lindsey C. Felix

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Michael K. M. Dang

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Guibin Ma

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Hicham Fenniri

Affiliations Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, National Institute of Nanotechnology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Jonathan G. C. Veinot

Affiliation Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Greg G. Goss

kjong@ualberta.ca (KO); greg.goss@ualberta.ca (GG)

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KO TM GG VO JE LF. Performed the experiments: KO TM RC JE VO LF MD GM HF. Analyzed the data: KO JE VO LF HF JV GG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HF GG JV. Wrote the paper: KO TM GG. Drafting and revision of manuscript: KO TM RC JE VO LF MD GM HF JV GG.