About the Authors

Vincent O. Nyasembe

Affiliation Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Department, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

David P. Tchouassi

Affiliation Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Department, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

Hillary K. Kirwa

Affiliation Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Department, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

Woodbridge A. Foster

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of America

Peter E. A. Teal

Affiliation Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Christian Borgemeister

Affiliations Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Department, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya, Center for Development Research, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Baldwyn Torto

btorto@icipe.org

Affiliation Behavioral and Chemical Ecology Department, International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: VON DPT WAF PEAT CB BT. Performed the experiments: VON DPT HKK BT. Analyzed the data: VON DPT HKK BT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PEAT. Wrote the paper: VON DPT HKK WAF PEAT CB BT.