About the Authors

Junjie Xu

Contributed equally to this work with: Junjie Xu, Weiming Tang

Affiliations Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of National Health and Family Planning Commission Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, China

Weiming Tang

Contributed equally to this work with: Junjie Xu, Weiming Tang

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Shiming Cheng

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Beijing, China

Tanmay Mahapatra

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Lin Zhou

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Beijing, China

Yuji Lai

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, National Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Beijing, China

Yongjun Jiang

Affiliations Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of National Health and Family Planning Commission Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, China

Feiying Liu

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, Guangxi Autonomous Region CDC, Nanning, China

Xinan Zhen

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, HenanProvincialCDC, Zhengzhou, China

Jinge He

Affiliation Center for Tuberculosis Control and Prevention, SichuanProvincialCDC, Chengdu, China

Jing Zhang

Affiliations Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of National Health and Family Planning Commission Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, China

Jinxin Lu

Affiliations Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of National Health and Family Planning Commission Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, China

Sanchita Mahapatra

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Hong Shang

hongshang100@hotmail.com

Affiliations Key Laboratory of AIDS Immunology of National Health and Family Planning Commission Department of Laboratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HS JJX. Performed the experiments: SMC LZ YJL FYL XAZ JGH. Analyzed the data: JJX WMT JZ JXL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YJJ. Wrote the paper: JJX WMT TM SM HS.