About the Authors

Marlous L. Grijsen

m.l.grijsen@lumc.nl

Current address: Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Dermatology, Leiden, the Netherlands

Affiliation Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Ferdinand W. N. M. Wit

Affiliation Department of Global Health, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Suzanne Jurriaans

Affiliation Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Medical Microbiology, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Frank P. Kroon

Affiliation Leiden University Medical Center, Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden, the Netherlands

Emile F. Schippers

Affiliation Haga Hospital, location Leyenburg, Department of Internal Medicine, The Hague, the Netherlands

Peter Koopmans

Affiliation Radboud University Medical Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Nijmegen, the Netherlands

Luuk Gras

Affiliation HIV Monitoring Foundation, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Joep M. A. Lange

Affiliation Department of Global Health, Amsterdam Institute for Global Health and Development, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Jan M. Prins

Affiliation Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam, Amsterdam, the Netherlands

on behalf of the Primo-SHM study group

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

¶ Membership of the Primo-SHM study group is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Conceived and designed the experiments: MLG FWNMW JMP. Analyzed the data: LG MLG FWNMW. Wrote the paper: MLG JMP JL. Established the cohort: MLG JMP. Responsible for patient enrollment and trial conduct at each study site: MLG JMP SJ FPK EFS PK. Assisted with data retrieval: LG. Conducted the statistical analysis: MLG FWNMW. Drafted the manuscript: MLG. Critically revised the manuscript: JMP JL. Reviewed and approved the final version of the manuscript: all authors.