About the Authors

Xiaoshan Li

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoshan Li, Yile Xue, Leiming Zhou, Yi Lin

Affiliations Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China, Public Health College, Nantong University, Nantong, China

Yile Xue

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoshan Li, Yile Xue, Leiming Zhou, Yi Lin

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Leiming Zhou

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoshan Li, Yile Xue, Leiming Zhou, Yi Lin

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Yi Lin

Contributed equally to this work with: Xiaoshan Li, Yile Xue, Leiming Zhou, Yi Lin

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xiaolei Yu

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xuqin Wang

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xiaohong Zhen

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Wei Zhang

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Zhen Ning

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Qing Yue

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Jie Fu

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Fangwei Shen

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Jing Gai

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Yuqing Xu

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Jiawen Mao

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xianming Gao

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xiaopei Shen

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Laiyi Kang

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Guido Vanham

Affiliation Immunovirology Group, Biomedical Science Department, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium

Hua Cheng

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Ying Wang

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Minghua Zhuang

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Xun Zhuang

ntzhuang@163.com (XZ); qcpan@scdc.sh.cn (QP); zhongp56@hotmail.com (PZ)

Affiliation Public Health College, Nantong University, Nantong, China

Qichao Pan

ntzhuang@163.com (XZ); qcpan@scdc.sh.cn (QP); zhongp56@hotmail.com (PZ)

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Ping Zhong

ntzhuang@163.com (XZ); qcpan@scdc.sh.cn (QP); zhongp56@hotmail.com (PZ)

Affiliation Department of AIDS and STD, Shanghai Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Municipal Institutes for Preventive Medicine, Shanghai, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PZ X. Zhuang QP. Performed the experiments: XL Y. Xue YL FS XW XY WZ JG Y. Xu X. Zhen. Analyzed the data: XL PZ YW HC LK GV MZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LZ ZN JM JF XG XS QY. Wrote the paper: PZ GV XL.