About the Authors

Emi Furukawa

furukawa@oist.jp

Affiliation Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Okinawa, Japan

Patricia Bado

Affiliations D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Gail Tripp

Affiliation Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Okinawa, Japan

Paulo Mattos

Affiliations D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Jeff R. Wickens

Affiliation Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), Okinawa, Japan

Ivanei E. Bramati

Affiliations D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Brent Alsop

Affiliation University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Fernanda Meireles Ferreira

Affiliation D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Debora Lima

Affiliation D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Fernanda Tovar-Moll

Affiliations D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Joseph A. Sergeant

Affiliation VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Jorge Moll

Affiliation D’Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Competing Interests

Dr. Paulo Mattos was on the speakers’ bureau and/or acted as consultant for Eli-Lilly, Janssen-Cilag, Novartis, and Shire in the last three years. He received travel awards to participate in scientific meetings from Janssen-Cilag, Novartis, Eli-Lilly, and Shire in 2010 through 2012. The ADHD outpatient program (Grupo de Estudos do éficit de Atenção/Institute of Psychiatry) chaired by Dr. Mattos has also received research support from Novartis and Shire. Prof. dr. J.A. Sergeant has served on the advisory boards of Lilly and Shire, and received grants from Lilly. He has also received speaker’s fees from Shire, Lilly, Janssen-Cillag, and Novartis. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EF PB GT PM JRW IEB BA FTM JM. Performed the experiments: PB PM JM DL FTM. Analyzed the data: EF PB PM IEB FMF JAS JM. Wrote the paper: EF PB GT PM JRW IEB BA FMF DL FTM JAS JM.