About the Authors

Kirsten Cumming

Affiliation Acute Geriatric Medicine, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Graeme E. Hoyle

Affiliation Acute Geriatric Medicine, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

James D. Hutchison

Affiliation Surgery and Orthopaedics, University of Aberdeen Medical School, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Roy L. Soiza

roy.soiza@nhs.net

Affiliation Acute Geriatric Medicine, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RLS. Performed the experiments: KC GEH JDH RLS. Analyzed the data: KC RLS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JDH RLS. Wrote the paper: KC GEH JDH RLS.