About the Authors

Maria Rosa Pizzamiglio

Affiliation IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy

Laura Piccardi

laura.piccardi@cc.univaq.it

Affiliations IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy, Life, Health and Environmental Science Department, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy

Filippo Bianchini

Affiliations IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy, Psychology Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy

Loredana Canzano

Affiliations IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy, Psychology Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy

Liana Palermo

Affiliations IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy, Psychology Department, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy

Francesca Fusco

Affiliation Institute of Genetics and Biophysics “Adriano Buzzati Traverso”, Naples, Italy

Giovanni D'Antuono

Affiliation IRCCS, Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy

Chiara Gelmini

Affiliation Clinical Genetics Unit, Obstetrics and Pediatric Department, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Livia Garavelli

Affiliation Clinical Genetics Unit, Obstetrics and Pediatric Department, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico, Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova Hospital, Reggio Emilia, Italy

Matilde Valeria Ursini

Affiliations Institute of Genetics and Biophysics “Adriano Buzzati Traverso”, Naples, Italy, Fondazione IRCCS SDN, Naples, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MRP L. Piccardi. Performed the experiments: FB LC GD L. Palermo CG LG FF MVU. Analyzed the data: L. Palermo L. Piccardi. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FF MVU. Wrote the paper: MRP L. Piccardi L. Palermo MVU. Lead applicant for grant, chief investigator of the study, and responsible for the first and last draft of the manuscript: MRP. Principal applicant for the grant and did the literature search, study design, data interpretation and writing: L. Piccardi. Principal investigators of a study site and contributed to recruitment and research monitoring and worked on data collection: FB LC. Data analysis, interpreted the results and wrote the manuscript: L. Palermo. Principal investigators concerned with genetic analysis, and read, interpreted and wrote the genetic results: FF MVU. Recruited patients and liaised with IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia in Rome and CNR in Naples: GDA. Recruited patients and liaised with IRCCS-arcispedale of Reggio Emilia: CG LG. Participated in data acquisition and revision, critical review of the report, and have seen and approved the final version: MRP L. Piccardi FB LC L. Palermo FF MVU GDA CG LG.