About the Authors

Yoko Ibuka


Affiliation Graduate School of Economics, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan

Meng Li

Affiliation Department of Health and Behavioral Sciences, University of Colorado Denver, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Jeffrey Vietri

Affiliation Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Kantar Health, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America

Gretchen B. Chapman

Affiliation Department of Psychology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey, United States of America

Alison P. Galvani

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GBC APG. Performed the experiments: ML JTV GBC. Analyzed the data: YI ML GBC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YI GBC APG. Wrote the paper: YI ML GBC APG.