About the Authors

Holger F. Rabenau

Affiliation Institute of Medical Virology, Hospital of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University of Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany

Jochen Steinmann

Affiliation MikroLab GmbH, Bremen, Germany

Ingrid Rapp

Affiliation Labor Dr. Merk & Kollegen, Ochsenhausen, Germany

Ingeborg Schwebke

Affiliation Robert Koch-Institute, Berlin, Germany

Maren Eggers


Affiliation Labor Prof. G. Enders & Kollegen MVZ and Institute of Virology, Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology e.V., Stuttgart, Germany

Competing Interests

JS is a consultant of MikroLab GmbH. IR is an employee of Labor Dr. Merk & Kollegen. There are no patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HFR JS IR IS ME. Performed the experiments: HFR JS IR IS ME. Analyzed the data: ME HFR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HFR JS IR IS ME. Wrote the paper: ME.