About the Authors

Yongfeng Li

Affiliation Division of Space Life Sciences, Universities Space Research Association, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Pamela Reynolds

Affiliation Department of Oncology, Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Peter O'Neill

Affiliation Department of Oncology, Gray Institute for Radiation Oncology & Biology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Francis A. Cucinotta

Francis.Cucinotta@unlv.edu

Affiliations University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Department of Health Physics and Diagnostics Sciences, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States of America, NASA, Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Space Radiation Program, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PO FC. Performed the experiments: PR PO. Analyzed the data: YL PR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: YL FC. Wrote the paper: YL FC.