About the Authors

Nicole M. Lindner

Affiliation DataSong, Irvine, California, United States of America

Alexander Graser

Affiliation University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany

Brian A. Nosek


Affiliations Departement of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America, Center for Open Science, Charlottesville, Virginia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: (except Graser, who has no conflicts). Lindner is a consultant and Nosek is an officer of Project Implicit, Inc., a non-profit organization that includes in its mission β€œTo develop and deliver methods for investigating and applying phenomena of implicit social cognition, including especially phenomena of implicit bias based on age, race, gender or other factors.” This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLoS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AG NML BAN. Performed the experiments: NML BAN. Analyzed the data: NML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NML BAN. Wrote the paper: NML BAN. Revised and approved the paper: AG NML BAN.