About the Authors

Rebecca N. Nsubuga

rebecca.nsubuga@mrcuganda.org

Affiliation Medical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda

Richard G. White

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Billy N. Mayanja

Affiliation Medical Research Council/Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda Research Unit on AIDS, Entebbe, Uganda

Leigh Anne Shafer

Affiliation Health Sciences Center, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RNN RGW BNM LAS. Performed the experiments: BNM. Analyzed the data: RNN LAS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RNN RGW BNM LAS. Wrote the paper: RNN RGW BNM LAS. Project leader of the cohort from which data were obtained: BNM. Interpretation of data: RNN RGW BNM LAS.