About the Authors

Victorien Valette

Affiliation Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions, Equipe Ecologie Evolution Symbiose, Poitiers, France

Paul-Yannick Bitome Essono

Affiliation Laboratoire Biogéosciences – UMR CNRS 6282 - Equipe Ecologie Evolutive – Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France

Winka Le Clec’h

Affiliation Department of Genetics, Texas Biomedical Research Institute, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America

Monique Johnson

Affiliation Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions, Equipe Ecologie Evolution Symbiose, Poitiers, France

Nicolas Bech

Affiliation Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions, Equipe Ecologie Evolution Symbiose, Poitiers, France

Frédéric Grandjean

frederic.grandjean@univ-poitiers.fr

Affiliation Université de Poitiers, UMR CNRS 7267 Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions, Equipe Ecologie Evolution Symbiose, Poitiers, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FG. Performed the experiments: MJ PYBE WL. Analyzed the data: FG NB MJ VV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FG MJ. Wrote the manuscript: FG VV MJ.