About the Authors

Janet A. Lambert

Affiliations Department of Biochemistry, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America, Division of Infectious Diseases, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Susan John

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Jack D. Sobel

jsobel@med.wayne.edu (JDS); rakins@med.wayne.edu (RAA)

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Robert A. Akins

jsobel@med.wayne.edu (JDS); rakins@med.wayne.edu (RAA)

Affiliation Department of Biochemistry, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RAA JDS. Performed the experiments: RAA JAL SJ. Analyzed the data: RAA JAL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RAA JDS. Wrote the paper: RAA JDS JAL SJ. Vaginal sample collection: JDS.