About the Authors

Cristina Menni

Contributed equally to this work with: Cristina Menni, Toma Keser

cristina.menni@kcl.ac.uk

Affiliation Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom

Toma Keser

Contributed equally to this work with: Cristina Menni, Toma Keser

Affiliation Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Massimo Mangino

Affiliation Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom

Jordana T. Bell

Affiliation Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom

Idil Erte

Affiliation Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom

Irena Akmačić

Affiliation Glycobiology Laboratory, Genos, Zagreb, Croatia

Frano Vučković

Affiliation Glycobiology Laboratory, Genos, Zagreb, Croatia

Maja Pučić Baković

Affiliation Glycobiology Laboratory, Genos, Zagreb, Croatia

Olga Gornik

Affiliation Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Mark I. McCarthy

Affiliations Oxford Centre for Diabetes, Endocrinology & Metabolism, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

Vlatka Zoldoš

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Tim D. Spector

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom

Gordan Lauc

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia, Glycobiology Laboratory, Genos, Zagreb, Croatia

Ana M. Valdes

These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliations Department of Twins Research and Genetic Epidemiology, Kings College London, London, United Kingdom, Academic Rheumatology, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and have the following conflicts: GL declares that he is a founder and owner, and IA, FV, MPB declare that they are employees, of Genos Ltd, which offers commercial service of glycomic analysis and has several patents in this field. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CM MIMC TDS GL AMV. Performed the experiments: IA FV MPB OG VZ GL TK. Analyzed the data: CM MM JTB IE AMV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: IA FV MPB OG VZ GL TK. Wrote the manuscript: IA FV MPB OG VZ GL TK.