About the Authors

Qing Zhao

whitelangur@gmail.com

Affiliation Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada

Ermias T. Azeria

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Mélanie-Louise Le Blanc

Affiliation Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada

Jérôme Lemaître

Affiliation Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada

Daniel Fortin

Affiliation Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: QZ ETA MLB JL DF. Performed the experiments: MLB JL. Analyzed the data: QZ. Wrote the paper: QZ ETA MLB JL DF.