About the Authors

Carrie A. Wu

Contributed equally to this work with: Carrie A. Wu, Matthew A. Streisfeld

cwu@richmond.edu

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America

Matthew A. Streisfeld

Contributed equally to this work with: Carrie A. Wu, Matthew A. Streisfeld

Affiliation Institute of Ecology and Evolution, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon, United States of America

Laura I. Nutter

Current address: T.C. Williams High School, Alexandria, Virginia, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America

Kaitlyn A. Cross

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CAW MAS. Performed the experiments: CAW MAS LIN KAC. Analyzed the data: CAW MAS LIN KAC. Wrote the paper: CAW MAS.