About the Authors

Miyako Kondoh

Contributed equally to this work with: Miyako Kondoh, Noritaka Ohga, Kosuke Akiyama

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Noritaka Ohga

Contributed equally to this work with: Miyako Kondoh, Noritaka Ohga, Kosuke Akiyama

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Kosuke Akiyama

Contributed equally to this work with: Miyako Kondoh, Noritaka Ohga, Kosuke Akiyama

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Yasuhiro Hida

Affiliation Department of CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Nako Maishi

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Alam Mohammad Towfik

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Nobuo Inoue

Affiliation Department of Gerodontology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Masanobu Shindoh

Affiliation Department of Oral Pathology and Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Kyoko Hida

khida@den.hokudai.ac.jp

Affiliation Department of Vascular Biology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Sapporo, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MK YH MS KH. Performed the experiments: MK NO KA NM AT. Analyzed the data: MK NO KA YH NM AT NI MS KH. Wrote the manuscript: MK NO KA YH NM AT NI MS KH. Technical assistance in the experiments: AM TK YS TT MM.