About the Authors

Erik Arner

arner@gsc.riken.jp (EA); peter.arner@ki.se (PA)

Affiliations RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Division of Genomic Technologies, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden, RIKEN Omics Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Alistair R. R. Forrest

Affiliations RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Division of Genomic Technologies, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, RIKEN Omics Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Anna Ehrlund

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden

Niklas Mejhert

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden

Masayoshi Itoh

Affiliations RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Division of Genomic Technologies, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, RIKEN Preventive Medicine and Diagnosis Innovation Program, Wako, Saitama, Japan, RIKEN Omics Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Hideya Kawaji

Affiliations RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Division of Genomic Technologies, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, RIKEN Preventive Medicine and Diagnosis Innovation Program, Wako, Saitama, Japan, RIKEN Omics Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Timo Lassmann

Affiliations RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Division of Genomic Technologies, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan, RIKEN Omics Science Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

Jurga Laurencikiene

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden

Mikael Rydén

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden

Peter Arner

arner@gsc.riken.jp (EA); peter.arner@ki.se (PA)

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet at Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Huddinge, Sweden

and the FANTOM consortium

Membership of the FANTOM consortium is provided in Table S1.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EA ARRF AE NM MI HK TL JL MR PA. Performed the experiments: AE NM MI JL. Analyzed the data: EA HK TL MR PA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AE NM MI JL MR PA. Wrote the paper: EA MR PA.