About the Authors

Nitika Pant Pai

nitika.pai@mcgill.ca

Affiliations Department of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Canada, Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Tarannum Behlim

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Lameze Abrahams

Affiliation Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine and Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Caroline Vadnais

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Sushmita Shivkumar

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Sabrina Pillay

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Anke Binder

Affiliation Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine and Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Roni Deli-Houssein

Affiliation Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, McGill University and Health Centre, Montreal, Canada

Nora Engel

Affiliation Global Health, Department of Health, Ethics and Society at Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands

Lawrence Joseph

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics & Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, Canada

Keertan Dheda

Affiliation Lung Infection and Immunity Unit, Division of Pulmonology and UCT Lung Institute, Department of Medicine and Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors declare that senior co-author Dr. Keertan Dheda is a PLOS ONE Editorial Board member and corresponding author Dr. Nitika Pant Pai is an Academic Editor with PLOS ONE. Smartphone App that facilitates HIV Self testing included in this manuscript is McGill University-owned and authored by Dr. Pant Pai's lab copyright no: 423 1105598. There are no further patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. The authors have no conflicts of interest with the industry. The study kits were purchased at a research rate for the study. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NPP KD SS TB CV AB SP LJ LA RDH NE. Performed the experiments: NPP TB LA CV SS SP AB RDH NE LJ KD. Analyzed the data: LJ NPP SS TB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: NPP TB LA CV SS SP AB RDH NE LJ KD. Wrote the paper: NPP TB LA CV SS SP AB RDH NE LJ KD.