About the Authors

Otto Seppälä

otto.seppaelae@eawag.ch

Affiliations Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland, Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland

Anssi Karvonen

Affiliation Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland

Marja Kuosa

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

Maarit Haataja

Affiliation Research Funding Services, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Jukka Jokela

Affiliations Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland, Department of Aquatic Ecology, Eawag, Dübendorf, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: OS JJ. Performed the experiments: OS AK MK MH. Analyzed the data: OS JJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OS AK MK MH JJ. Wrote the paper: OS. Revised the manuscript: AK MK MH JJ.