About the Authors

Suzanne Spence

Affiliation Institute of Health and Society, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Jennifer Delve

Affiliation Institute of Health and Society, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Elaine Stamp

Affiliation Institute of Health and Society, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

John N. S. Matthews

Affiliation School of Mathematics and Statistics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Martin White

Affiliations Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, Fuse, UKCRC Centre for Translational Research in Public Health, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Ashley J. Adamson

ashley.adamson@ncl.ac.uk

Affiliations Institute of Health and Society, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom, Fuse, UKCRC Centre for Translational Research in Public Health, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AJA MW JM. Performed the experiments: SS JD. Analyzed the data: SS ES JM. Wrote the paper: SS JD ES JM MW AJA.