About the Authors

Liping Meng

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Haiquan Xu

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Ailing Liu

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Joop van Raaij

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Wanda Bemelmans

Affiliation National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Xiaoqi Hu

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Qian Zhang

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Songming Du

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Hongyun Fang

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Jun Ma

Affiliation Beijing University Health Science Center, Beijing, China

Guifa Xu

Affiliation Shandong University, Jinan, China

Ying Li

Affiliation Public Health College, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China

Hongwei Guo

Affiliation School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Lin Du

Affiliation Guangzhou Center for Diseases Prevention and Control, Guangzhou, China

Guansheng Ma

mags@chinacdc.cn

Affiliation National Institute for Nutrition and Food Safety, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GM. Performed the experiments: JM GX YL HG LD. Analyzed the data: LM HX. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: XH QZ SD HF AL. Wrote the manuscript: LM. Provided the method of cost and cost-effectiveness: JvR WB.