About the Authors

Philip Cooper

Contributed equally to this work with: Philip Cooper, Alan W. Walker

P.J.Cooper@liv.ac.uk

Affiliations Fundación Ecuatoriana Para la Investigación en Salud, Quito, Ecuador, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Alan W. Walker

Contributed equally to this work with: Philip Cooper, Alan W. Walker

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Jorge Reyes

Affiliation Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito, Ecuador

Martha Chico

Affiliation Fundación Ecuatoriana Para la Investigación en Salud, Quito, Ecuador

Susannah J. Salter

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Maritza Vaca

Affiliation Fundación Ecuatoriana Para la Investigación en Salud, Quito, Ecuador

Julian Parkhill

Affiliation Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PJC AWW. Performed the experiments: PJC SJS JR. Analyzed the data: AWW PJC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JP. Wrote the paper: PJC AWW JP. Sample collection: JR MC MV.