About the Authors

Rahel Wampfler

Contributed equally to this work with: Rahel Wampfler, Felistas Mwingira

Affiliations Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Felistas Mwingira

Contributed equally to this work with: Rahel Wampfler, Felistas Mwingira

Affiliations Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Sarah Javati

Affiliations Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Leanne Robinson

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Inoni Betuela

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Peter Siba

Affiliation Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea

Hans-Peter Beck

Affiliations Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Ivo Mueller

Affiliations Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Goroka, Papua New Guinea, Infection and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, Parkville, Victoria, Australia

Ingrid Felger

ingrid.felger@unibas.ch

Affiliations Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: RW IF. Wrote the manuscript: IF. Conceived the field study: IM. Designed molecular work: IF. Extracted nucleic acids from various blood sampling strategies: RW FM SJ. Developed and validated quantification of parasite stages: RW. Conducted and supervised sample collection in the field: IB LR PS. Supported test development and provided materials for assay validation: HPB.