About the Authors

Hannes Knüppel

Affiliation Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences – CELLS, Hannover Medical School, Germany

Courtney Metz

Affiliations Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences – CELLS, Hannover Medical School, Germany, Department of Philosophy, Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences – CELLS, Leibniz University of Hannover, Germany

Joerg J. Meerpohl

Affiliation German Cochrane Centre, Institute of Medical Biometry and Medical Informatics, University Medical Center Freiburg, Germany

Daniel Strech

strech.daniel@mh-hannover.de

Affiliation Institute of History and Ethics in Medicine, Centre for Ethics and Law in the Life Sciences – CELLS, Hannover Medical School, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HK JJM DS. Performed the experiments: HK CM DS. Analyzed the data: HK DS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HK JJM DS. Wrote the paper: HK JJM DS.