About the Authors

Cheng-Yeu Wu

Contributed equally to this work with: Cheng-Yeu Wu, Lena Young, David Young

Affiliations Laboratory of Nanomaterials, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Center for Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Research Center of Bacterial Pathogenesis, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China

Lena Young

Contributed equally to this work with: Cheng-Yeu Wu, Lena Young, David Young

Current address: Primordia Institute of New Sciences and Medicine, Florham Park, New Jersey, United States of America

Affiliations Laboratory of Nanomaterials, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

David Young

Contributed equally to this work with: Cheng-Yeu Wu, Lena Young, David Young

Current address: Primordia Institute of New Sciences and Medicine, Florham Park, New Jersey, United States of America

Affiliations Laboratory of Nanomaterials, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jan Martel

Affiliations Laboratory of Nanomaterials, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Center for Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China

John D. Young

dingeyoung@hotmail.com

Affiliations Laboratory of Nanomaterials, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Center for Molecular and Clinical Immunology, Chang Gung University, Gueishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China, Laboratory of Cellular Physiology and Immunology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York, United States of America, Biochemical Engineering Research Center, Ming Chi University of Technology, Taishan, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JDY. Performed the experiments: CYW LY DY JM. Analyzed the data: CYW LY DY JM JDY. Wrote the paper: JM JDY.