About the Authors

Kavita Venkataraman

Contributed equally to this work with: Kavita Venkataraman, Chin Meng Khoo

Affiliations Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Chin Meng Khoo

Contributed equally to this work with: Kavita Venkataraman, Chin Meng Khoo

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Melvin K. S. Leow

Affiliations Department of Endocrinology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore

Eric Y. H. Khoo

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Anburaj V. Isaac

Affiliation Neuroscience and Behavioral Disorders Program, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore

Vitali Zagorodnov

Affiliation School of Computer Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore

Suresh A. Sadananthan

Affiliations Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore

Sendhil S. Velan

Affiliations Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore, Singapore BioImaging Consortium, NUS-A*STAR, Singapore, Singapore, Clinical Imaging Research Centre, NUS-A*STAR, Singapore, Singapore

Yap Seng Chong

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Peter Gluckman

Affiliation Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore

Jeannette Lee

Affiliation Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Agus Salim

Affiliation Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

E. Shyong Tai

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Yung Seng Lee

yung_seng_lee@nuhs.edu.sg

Affiliations Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, Agency for Science, Technology and Research, Singapore, Singapore, Department of Paediatrics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore and NUHS, Singapore, Singapore

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KV CMK MKSL EST YSL JL. Performed the experiments: KV CMK MKSL EYHK. Analyzed the data: KV CMK AS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AVI VZ SAS SSV. Wrote the paper: KV CMK. Critically revised the manuscript: YSL YSC PG EST JL. Provided technical inputs and assisted in data interpretation: VZ SSV AVI SAS.