About the Authors

Woon-Man Kung

Affiliations Department of Exercise and Health Promotion, College of Education, Chinese Culture University, Taipei, Taiwan, Department of Neurosurgery, Lo-Hsu Foundation, Lotung Poh-Ai Hospital, Luodong, Yilan, Taiwan, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine and College of Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Shuo-Tsung Chen

Affiliation Department of Applied Mathematics, Tunghai University, Taichung, Taiwan

Chung-Hsiang Lin

Affiliation Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Yu-Mei Lu

Affiliation Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan

Tzu-Hsuan Chen

Affiliation Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mackay Memorial Hospital, Hsinchu, Taiwan

Muh-Shi Lin


Affiliations Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, Department of Neurosurgery, Taipei City Hospital, Zhong Xiao Branch, Taipei, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WMK MSL. Performed the experiments: WMK STC CHL THC MSL. Analyzed the data: STC CHL YML. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: STC CHL YML THC. Wrote the paper: WMK MSL.