About the Authors

Anne Jääskeläinen

anne.jaaskelainen@uef.fi (AJ); m.jarvelin@imperial.ac.uk (M-RJ)

Affiliation Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

Ursula Schwab

Affiliations Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Internal Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland

Marjukka Kolehmainen

Affiliation Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland

Marika Kaakinen

Affiliations Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

Markku J. Savolainen

Affiliations Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Clinical Research Center, Department of Internal Medicine, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland

Philippe Froguel

Affiliations Department of Genomics of Common Disease, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, CNRS UMR 8199, Lille Pasteur Institute, Lille, France, Lille II University, Lille, France, European Genomic Institute for Diabetes (EGID), Lille, France

Stéphane Cauchi

Affiliations CNRS UMR 8199, Lille Pasteur Institute, Lille, France, Lille II University, Lille, France, European Genomic Institute for Diabetes (EGID), Lille, France

Marjo-Riitta Järvelin

anne.jaaskelainen@uef.fi (AJ); m.jarvelin@imperial.ac.uk (M-RJ)

Affiliations Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, Department of Children and Young People and Families, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Oulu, Finland, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom, Unit of Primary Care, Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland

Jaana Laitinen

Affiliation Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Oulu, Finland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AJ US M. Kolehmainen MRJ JL. Analyzed the data: AJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: M. Kaakinen MS PF SC MRJ. Wrote the paper: AJ. Participated in the writing and critical evaluation of the paper: US M. Kolehmainen M. Kaakinen MS PF SC MRJ JL.