About the Authors

Ayako Kato

Affiliation Department of Periodontology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan

Kenichi Imai

imai.kenichi@nihon-u.ac.jp (KI); ogata.yorimasa@nihon-u.ac.jp (YO)

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Division of Immunology and Pathobiology, Dental Research Center, Nihon University School of Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan

Kuniyasu Ochiai

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Division of Immunology and Pathobiology, Dental Research Center, Nihon University School of Dentistry, Tokyo, Japan

Yorimasa Ogata

imai.kenichi@nihon-u.ac.jp (KI); ogata.yorimasa@nihon-u.ac.jp (YO)

Affiliations Department of Periodontology, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan, Research Institute of Oral Science, Nihon University School of Dentistry at Matsudo, Chiba, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KI YO. Performed the experiments: AK YO KI. Analyzed the data: AK YO KI KO. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AK YO KI. Wrote the paper: KI YO AK. Wrote the majority of the manuscript: KI YO.