About the Authors

Emilie Arnault

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Coralie Barrau

Affiliation Essilor International, Charenton-le-Pont, France

Céline Nanteau

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Pauline Gondouin

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Karine Bigot

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Françoise Viénot

Affiliation Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

Emmanuel Gutman

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Valérie Fontaine

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France

Thierry Villette

Affiliation Essilor International, Charenton-le-Pont, France

Denis Cohen-Tannoudji

Affiliation Essilor International, Charenton-le-Pont, France

José-Alain Sahel

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France, Centre Hospitalier National d'Ophtalmologie des Quinze-Vingts, INSERM-DHOS CIC 503, Paris, France, Institute of Ophthalmology, University College of London, London, United Kingdom, Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Paris, France, Académie des Sciences-Institut de France, Paris, France

Serge Picaud

serge.picaud@inserm.fr

Affiliations Institut de la Vision, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UMR_S 968, Paris, France, INSERM, U968, Paris, France, CNRS, UMR_7210, Paris, France, Fondation Ophtalmologique Adolphe de Rothschild, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have the following interests: 3 filed patents (“Optical device”, PCT/IB2012/057013, PCT/IB2012/057014 and PCT/IB2012/057015). CB, TV and DCT are employed by Essilor International (Charenton-le-Pont, France), one of the funders of this study. There are no further patents, products in development or marketed products to declare. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials, as detailed online in the guide for authors.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EA FV EG TV DCT JAS SP. Performed the experiments: EA CB CN PG KB. Analyzed the data: EA CB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CB FV VF TV. Wrote the paper: EA CB KB SP TV.