About the Authors

Hajime Nakaoka

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Yumiko Nakagawa-Toyama

Affiliation Health Care Center, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

Makoto Nishida

Affiliation Health Care Center, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

Takeshi Okada

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Ryota Kawase

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Taiji Yamashita

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Miyako Yuasa-Kawase

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Kazuhiro Nakatani

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Daisaku Masuda

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Tohru Ohama

Affiliation Health Care Center, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka, Japan

Takashi Sonobe

Affiliation Department of Cardiac Physiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Mikiyasu Shirai

Affiliation Department of Cardiac Physiology, National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center Research Institute, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Issei Komuro

Affiliation Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Shizuya Yamashita

shizu@cardiology.med.osaka-u.ac.jp

Affiliations Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan, Department of Community Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HN YNT MN DM T. Ohama IK SY. Performed the experiments: HN YNT MN T. Okada RK TY MYK KN TS MS. Analyzed the data: HN YNT MN SY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HN YNT MN TS MS. Wrote the paper: HN YNT MN SY. Conception and design of this study: HN YNT MN T. Okada RK TY MYK KN DM T. Ohama TS MS IK SY. Acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data: HN YNT MN T. Okada RK TY MYK KN DM T. Ohama TS MS IK SY. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content: HN YNT MN T. Okada RK TY MYK KN DM T. Ohama TS MS IK SY. Final approval of the version to be published: HN YNT MN T. Okada RK TY MYK KN DM T. Ohama TS MS IK SY.