About the Authors

Gina M. Howell

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Hernando Gomez

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Richard D. Collage

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Patricia Loughran

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Xianghong Zhang

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Daniel A. Escobar

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Timothy R. Billiar

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Brian S. Zuckerbraun

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Matthew R. Rosengart

rosengartmr@upmc.edu

Affiliation Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GMH BSZ HG MRR. Performed the experiments: GMH XZ BSZ HG DAE MRR. Analyzed the data: GMH PL HG DAE MRR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PL TRB HG BSZ MRR. Wrote the paper: GMH HG RDC XZ PL DAE TRB BSZ MRR.