About the Authors

Stanley Luchters

Contributed equally to this work with: Stanley Luchters, Marlise L. Richter

sluchters@burnet.edu.au

Affiliations Centre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Australia, International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Marlise L. Richter

Contributed equally to this work with: Stanley Luchters, Marlise L. Richter

Affiliations International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, African Centre for Migration & Society, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Wilkister Bosire

Affiliation International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya

Gill Nelson

Affiliation School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Nzioki Kingola

Affiliation International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Mombasa, Kenya

Xu-Dong Zhang

Affiliation International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Marleen Temmerman

Affiliation International Centre for Reproductive Health (ICRH), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Matthew F. Chersich

Affiliation Centre for Health Policy, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SL. Performed the experiments: SL WB NK. Analyzed the data: SL MR GN MC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SL MT MC. Wrote the paper: SL MR MC XDZ.